Gateway to The World Of Music: Basic Musical Notations

It’s truly said that – ‘Music is a language of sign’. The symbols and notes written on the pages of sheet music represent the pitch and rhythm of the song. If you are planning to expand your general artistic knowledge about musical instruments and wants to learn basic musical notations, so that you are well aware of all aspects about how to play different musical instruments.

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We present some basic music notes that will help music enthusiasts who wanted to express their ideas effectively and would like to learn how to read sheet music notes.For those who want to release their music album so here are some easy steps to launch music album.

Basic Musical Notations

Let’s check out list of basic musical symbols –


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The staff is the most necessary foundation of music notation. It is made up of five lines and four spaces correspond to musical pitches. The lines and pace represent notes named A-G, and the note sequence move alphabetically.

Treble Clef



A treble clef is a type of symbol that indicates the musical pitch of written notes. The clef has the ornamental letter G on the left side because the second line of the staff passes through the curl of the clef. The instruments like – the violin, flute, saxophone, trumpet and keyboard most often use the treble clef.

Bass Clef

a background of musical half and quarter notes with a large colourful bass clef symbol


The line between the two bass clefs is the ‘F’ line on the bass clef staff and generally referred as F clef. The bass clef notates the lower registers of music and is most often used by instruments like – trombone, tuba, bassoon, tuba and cello. It is one of the most important basic musical notations for music learners.

Ledger Lines

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The pitches that are above or below the regular lines and spaces of the staff are usually noted by ledger lines. The first basic note the beginners mostly learn is ‘Middle C’ located on a ledger line between the bass clef and treble clef staffs. Ledger lines make the notes easier to understand and there can be indefinite number of ledger lines above or below any staff.

Tenor Clef

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When the C clef is placed on the fourth line of the staff, it is known as the Tenor clef. This helps you to move the location of middle C at least one line up. It is easily used by instruments like – trombone, cello and bassoon when they are in their upper ranges.

Flat Key Signature

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To define the key of the music, key signature is used. The flat key signature helps in reducing the needs for accidentals. Flats in key signature lower the pitch of the notes on the corresponding line or space. The number of flats in the key signature, starting from the left side towards the right, defines different keys.

Sharp Key Signature

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Sharps are different from flat, as they raise the pitch of basic musical notations on the corresponding line or space by a semitone. Here also, the number of sharps in the key signature, proceeding from left to right, defines different keys. The necessary three sharps in the key signature will always be F-sharp, C-sharp and G-sharp.


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Scales are set of notes created by a combination of whole steps and half steps. In the musical language, several types of scales are used. Such as –

  • Major scales that has no sharps and no flats. All major scales comprises of the following pattern of tones: whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, whole step, and half step.
  • A minor scale which shares the same key signature as major scale, but it’s on the sixth note of the major scale.
  • Want to know who are the best piano players in the world.

Always remember that learning to read basic musical notations really does open a whole new world for you to explore many new tings!!!


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